The Spiritual Cure
It is named
al-Fatihah, the Opening - because it opens the Book and by it the recitation in
It is also named
Ummul Qurâan, the Mother of the Qurâan, and Ummul Kitaab, the Mother of the
Book, according to the opinion of the majority. This was mentioned by Anas,
however al-Hasan and ibn Seereen disliked this appellation reasoning that this
was the most fitting description for the Preserved Tablet.
Al- Hasan also
said that the unequivocal verses of the Qurâan comprised the Mother of the
Book. However, it is established in at-Tirmidhee from Abu Hurayrah (May Allah
be pleased with him)who said, The Messenger of Allah (Peace and Blessings be
upon him) said, â[the chapter commencing with] âall praises and thanks are due
to Allah the Lord of the Universeâ is the Mother of the Qurâan, the Mother of
the Book, the Seven Oft Repeated Verses and the Great Qurâan.â [i.e. Ummul
Qurâan, Ummul Kitaab, Sab`ul Mathaanee and al-Qurâanul Adheem]
declared the hadeeth to be saheeh. Al-Bukhaaree said in the beginning of the
Book of Tafseer in his
It is named Ummul
Qurâan because it is the first chapter written in the Qurâanic texts and the
recitation in prayer commences with it. [Saheeh Bukhaaree [Eng. Trans. 6/1
Ibn Jareer at
-Tabaree said that it was named so because the meaning of the entire Qurâan is
summarized therein. The Arabs named anything that concisely summarizes
something or comprises the most important part of something Umm, or Mother.
For similar reasons
it is also named al-Qurâan al-Adheem, the Great Qurâan.
|Commentary Of Surah al-Fatihah
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